We all know there is a child still within us. That child has many aspects. It is ignorant, selfish, immature, confused. It may be desperately in need of love it has never received. But it is innocent and pure. Georges Bernanos wrote, "What does my life matter? I just want it to be faithful, to the end; to the child I used to be."
Child-centered learning (also called student-centered learning) is an approach to education focusing on the needs of the students, rather than those of others involved in the educational process, such as teachers and administrators. Child-centered learning is focused on each student's needs, abilities, interests, and learning styles, placing the teacher as a facilitator of learning. At the early stage more emphasis should be given to the child’s sensory and natural development.
The whole idea is that learning should be fun and engaging for the child, and is most likely to be that way if the child is in charge of the learning experience, rather than the adult parent or teacher. Child-centered education is most characterized by learning "centers" in a classroom that promote hands-on, active participation by the child. The child-centered classroom emphasis is on play, and fun. That is to be applauded in preschool and kindergarten.
When the "fun and games" go away, so does the learning.
BENEFITS OF CHILD-CENTERED LEARNING
Children get fully involved in activities, actively explore their environments, feel proud when they can do things for themselves, and enjoy playing and learning with others. Individualizing gives each child the capacity to grow and learn now and in the future. A child develops self respect while actively participating in various fields of the school curriculum as he/ she becomes aware of his/her potential and abilities which builds the self confidence too.
Characteristics of Child-Centred Education:
The child should be respected, as he is, with all his abilities, and drawbacks, in educating him these should be given due consideration and all children cannot therefore be treated alike. So child should be treated as the center of education.
The way and method to educate should be student specific.
The following points need be considered for promoting child-centered education.
Freedom is granted to the child to discover things than getting second-hand information through books. Emphasis should be given on the freedom of children to learn and create.
Child should be encouraged to perform activities that stem from his own interests.
3.Process of spontaneous development:
The child progresses at its own speed in a subject. The role of the teacher is to understand the child.
4. Development of interest and needs:
The education of child depends on his interest and needs. The physical, social, moral and spiritual development of the child is "the main objective of the child-centered Education.
NEED OF CHILD -CENTERED LEARNING
The following points explain why child-centered learning should be integrated into the curriculum:
_______ For the holistic development of the child .
ROLE OF TEACHER IN STUDENT-CENTERED LEARNING
The teacher's role is that of an interested observer and at best that of a guide who encourages, advises and stimulates the child, if and when needed. The child is stimulated to activity by his own felt needs and inner drives.The teacher just plays a role of the fecilitator.
OUTCOMES OF CHILD-CENTERED LEARNING
Students take leadership in classroom, present their work, and facilitate groups. Students take ownership of their reading, writing, and learning to develop, test, and refine their thinking. Learning is negotiated and directed by students.
Students work in flexible, cooperative groupings to solve problems and analyze texts to demonstrate understanding of a task or concept through multiple perspectives.
Students listen to one another as well as to their teachers, and they exchange different ideas to build upon and apply new learning and approaches to their own understanding of a concept or idea that increase in complexity.
Students use physical environment and discussions about group roles to explore various concepts and apply them to different scenarios or problems.The arts and vocational interests are included in academic curriculum, increasing students’ engagement, motivating students with a variety of learning styles to succeed in high school and pursue higher education, and developing students’ academic and intellectual growth.
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